The 33rd Asia Pacific Metrology Program General Assembly and Related Meetings 2017 (APMP GA 2017) was held at CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi.
On this occasion, a symposium on “Indian Strategy for Quality Infrastructure” was inaugurated.
President, International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) Dr. Milton Martin, presided over the function. Chairperson, Asia Pacific Metrology Program(APMP) Dr. T. Toshiyuki and several other dignitaries were also present.
CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, (CSIR-NPL) is the National Metrology Institute (NMI) of India and has responsibility of realization, establishment, maintenance and dissemination of Indian Primary Standards to the nation, at par to the international level, through R & D and most up-to-date technologies. This has been mandate by the Act of Parliament.
As the NMI, CSIR-NPL is responsible for the highest level of time and frequency measurements in India, maintenance and dissemination of Indian Standard Time (IST) and keeping it traceable to the International organizations including International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM).
International Atomic Time, TAI is the coordinated reference time established by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) at Paris and it is not a physical clock. It is a system time or a “paper clock”, calculated using more than 450 clocks in approximately 75 laboratories around the globe as a weighted mean value.
Universal Coordinated Time or UTC is also derived based on atomic time, but its time is adjusted by 1sec after certain time to keep it in phase with Universal Time, UT, which is based on the Earth’s rotation around its own axis. A time scale is defined by a starting point and is thereafter continuously accumulated in time units.
CSIR-NPL maintains a timescale to realize its local UTC, known as UTC (NPLI) which is traceable BIPM.
The present timescale consists of five high performance Cesium clocks, one active Hydrogen Maser and those are contributing to International Atomic Time (TAI) maintained by BIPM.
CSIR-NPL providing time and frequency traceability link to different sectors within the country using different advanced technologies like Two-way Satellite Time and Frequency Transfer (TWSTFT) and Common View Global Navigational Satellite System (CVGNSS).
Over several decades CSIR-NPL also providing a service of IST dissemination through internet and telephone for the use of public and government sectors.
Through a MoU with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), CSIR-NPL is providing Time and Frequency Traceability from the National Time Scale of CSIR-NPL to IRNWT-I and IRNWT-II of ISTRAC/ISRO for synchronizing Indian regional navigational satellite system (NAVIC) with the IST.
Additionally, the accurate time as per the international standard has many more applications in advanced technologies and sciences.
As for example navigation, meteorology, surveillance, electronic transaction, online trade and so on relies on IST at various accuracy levels from few ns to few 100 ms. Upcoming state of the art scientific activity, LIGO India, a very large baseline radio telescope and neutrino detection experiment also requires accurate time synchronization.
India’s indigenously developed global positioning system called NavIC, has been configured to synchronize its clocks to time provided by the CSIR-NPL. Till recently, the satellites on the NavIC managed by ISRO, relied on US-based GPS system. The linking with CSIR-NPL will aid in high precision satellite based communication, precise guidance of missiles and navigation.
The Asia Pacific Metrology Programme (APMP) is a grouping of national metrology institutes (NMIs) from the Asia-Pacific region engaged in improving regional metrological capability through the sharing of expertise and exchange of technical services among Member laboratories.
APMP is also a Regional Metrology Organization (RMO) recognized by the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) for the purpose of worldwide mutual recognition of measurement standards and of calibration and measurement certificates.
Member Nations of APMP:
|Country||Year of Affiliation||Organisation||Abbreviation|
|Australia||1980||1. National Measurement Institute, Australia||NMIA|
|1999||2. Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency||ARPANSA|
|2004||3. Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation||ANSTO|
|Bangladesh||1. Bangladesh National Metrology Laboratory||NML-BSTI|
|2013||2. Designated Reference Institute for Chemical
|Cambodia||2014||National Measurement Center||NMC|
|China||1981||National Institute of Metrology||NIM|
|Chinese Taipei||1992||1. Center for Measurement Standards/Industrial Technology Research Institute||CMS/ITRI|
|1999||2. Institute of Nuclear Energy Research||INER|
|1999||3. Chunghwa Telecom Co., Ltd.||Chunghwa T|
|DPR of Korea||2001||Central Institute of Metrology||CIM|
|Fiji||1980||Fiji National Measurement Laboratory, Ministry of
Commerce, Industry,Trade & Public Enterprises
|Hong Kong, China||1977||1. Standards and Calibration Laboratory||SCL|
|2001||2. Government Laboratory||GL|
|India||1977||1. National Physical Laboratory, India||NPLI|
|2001||2. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre||BARC|
|Indonesia||1980||1. Pusat Penelitian Metrologi, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia||RCM-LIPI|
|2017||2. National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia||PTKMR-BATAN|
|Japan||1992||1. National Metrology Institute of Japan||NMIJ/AIST|
|1999||2. National Institute of Information and Communications Technology||NICT|
|2005||3. Chemicals Evaluation and Research Institute, Japan||CERI|
|2007||4. Japan Electric Meters Inspection Corporation||JEMIC|
|(the Republic of) Korea||1980||Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science(KRISS)||KRISS|
|Macao, China||2017||Public Health Laboratory||PHL|
|Malaysia||1977||1. National Metrology Institute of Malaysia||NMIM|
|2005||2. Malaysian Nuclear Agency||NUCLEAR MALAYSIA|
|2016||3. Department of Chemistry, Malaysia||KIMIA|
|Mongolia||2002||1. Mongolian Agency for Standardization and Metrology(MASM)||MASM|
|2016||2. Central Geological Laboratory of Mongolia||CGL|
|Nepal||1982||Nepal Bureau of Standards and Metrology||NBSM|
|New Zealand||1977||Measurement Standards Laboratory, Industrial Research Limited||MSL-IRL|
|Pakistan||1980||National Physical & Standards Laboratory||NPSL|
|Papua New Guinea||2007||National Institute of Standards & Industrial Technology||NISIT|
|Philippines||1980||Industrial Technology Development Institute||ITDI|
|Russia||2009||D.I. Mendeleyev Institute for Metrology (VNIIM)||VNIIM|
|Singapore||1977||1. National Metrology Center, A*STAR||A*STAR|
|2008||2. Health Sciences Authority, HSA||HSA|
|Sri Lanka||1977||Measurement Units, Standards & Services Department||MUSSD|
|Thailand||1979||1. National Institute of Metrology (Thailand)||NIMT|
|2. Department of Science Service||DSS|
|3. Thailand Institute of Scientific & Technological Research||TISTR|
|2008||4. Office of Atoms for Peace||OAP|
|Vietnam||1992||Vietnam Metrology Institute||VMI|
|Country||Year of Affiliation||Organisation||Abbreviation|
|Egypt||1996||National Institute for Standards||NIS|
|Iran||2017||National Metrology Center of Iran||NMCI|
|Iraq||2017||Central Organization for Standardization and Quality Control||COSQC|
|Jordan||2006||Jordan National Metrology Institute||JNMI|
|Kazakhstan||2007||Kazakhstan Institute of Metrology||KazInMetr|
|Kenya||2010||Kenya Bureau of Standards||KEBS|
|South Africa||1997||National Metrology Institute of South Africa||NMISA|
|Syria||1997||National Standards and Calibration Laboratory||NSCL|
|United Arab Emirates||2013||Dubai Central Laboratory Department||DCL|
|2016||Emirates Metrology Institute||EMI|
|United Kingdom||2017||National Physical Laboratory||NPL|
|United States of America||2016||National Institute of Standards and Technology||NIST|