10 Point Charter for Effective Functioning of Legislatures

Vice-President of India and Chairman, Rajya Sabha Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu suggested a 10 point charter to ensure effective functioning of legislatures in the...

Fifteenth Finance Commission Constituted

President of India has constituted Fifteenth Finance Commission in pursuance of clause (1) of article 280 of the Constitution, read with the provisions of...

India Gets 13th Vice President

M Venkaiah Naidu has sworn in as the 13th Vice President of India. He has been administered the oath of office and secrecy by...

State of Jammu and Kashmir Joins GST

The State of Jammu and Kashmir has joined the GST regime, making GST truly a “ one nation, one tax” regime. In this regard, the President...

Right to Vote Against Party Lines in Presidential Election

Election Commission of India has clarified that, voting or not voting as per his/her own free will in the coming Presidential Election will not...

New Attorney General of India

Senior advocate KK Venugopal has been appointed as new Attorney General for India following the decision of Mukul Rohatgi to step down. The Attorney General for...

15th Vice-Presidential Election in India

The term of office of Mohd. Hamid Ansari, Vice-President of India, is up to 10th August 2017. An election to fill the vacancy to...

15th Presidential Election in India

The term of office of President of India, Pranab Mukherjee is ending on 24th July, 2017. As per Article 62 of the Constitution, an election...

Northern Zonal Council Meeting at Chandigarh

The 28th meeting of the Northern Zonal Council consisting of the States of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, National Capital Territory...

Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail Units

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for procurement of Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) Units for use in the General Elections, 2019...

Central Consumer Protection Council

Mr. Ram Vilas Paswan, Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution chaired the 31st meeting of the Central Consumer Protection Council (CCPC)...

Constitutional Status of Jammu Kashmir

Under Part XXI of the Constitution of India, which deals with “Temporary, Transitional and Special provisions”, the State of Jammu and Kashmir has been...

High Courts in India

In each state there is a High Court, which exercises powers within the territorial jurisdiction of the state concerned.  A High Court consists of...

Judiciary in India: Supreme Court of India

The Constitution of India has the following provisions regarding the Supreme Court of India: ESTABLISHMENT OF SUPREME COURT (ARTICLE 124) There shall be a Supreme...

Government Reconstitutes Inter State Council

The Government has reconstituted the Inter State Council (ISC) and the Standing Committee of the Inter State Council under Clause 2 of the Inter...

Comptroller and Auditor General of India

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is appointed by the President. He holds office until he attains the age of sixty five years...

Attorney General of India

The Attorney-General of India is the first Law Officer of the Government of India. The Attorney-General is appointed by the President and he holds office...

Trinamool Congress Becomes 7th National Party

Mamata Banerjee led Trinamool Congress got the 'national party' status by the Election Commission. Trinamool Congress has satisfied one of the conditions mentioned in the...

How the Name of State Can be Changed ?

Recently West Bengal Assembly has passed a resolution to change the name of State. A change in the name of a state however requires approval...

Membership of Parliament

Qualifications: The Constitution lays down the following qualifications for a person to be chosen a member of the Parliament: 1. He must be a citizen of...

Parliament of India

Under the Constitution, the Parliament of India consists of three parts viz, the President, the Council of States and the House of the People. In...

Cabinet Committees in India

Cabinet Committees are an organisational device to reduce the enormous workload of the Cabinet. They also facilitate in-depth examination of policy issues and effective...

Union Cabinet in India

English Constitution leaves the entire system of Cabinet to convention, the Crown being legally vested with absolute powers and Ministers being in theory nothing...

Council of Ministers in India

“There shall be a Council of Ministers with Prime Minister as its head to aid and advice President, who shall in exercise of his...

Prime Minister of India

All executive powers are exercised by the President are in accordance with the advice of Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. In...

Right to Information Act

Right to Information Act (RTI) is an Act of the Parliament of India "to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to...

Central Bureau Of Investigation

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the foremost investigative police agency in India. It is under the jurisdiction of the Government of India....

Central Vigilance Commission

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) is an apex Indian governmental body created to address governmental corruption. It was set up by the Government of India in...

National Human Rights Commission

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is an autonomous public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights...

Schedules To The Constitution

  SCHEDULE   RELATES TO ARTICLE DEALT WITH First Schedule Mentions the names & territories of States and UTs. Whenever a new State created or old one altered, it leads to...

Vice President of India

The Vice-President occupies the second highest office in the country. He is accorded a rank next to the President in the official warrant of...

Pardoning Power of the President

Article 72 of the Constitution empowers the President to grant pardons to persons who have been tried and convicted of any offence in all...

Ordinance Making Power of President

Article 123 of the Constitution empowers the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect...

Veto Power of the President

A bill passed by the Parliament can become an act only if it receives the assent of the President. When such a bill is...

Powers of President of India

The powers enjoyed and the functions performed by the President are as follows: Executive Powers: The executive powers and functions of the President are: (a) All executive...

Conditions of Office of President

Qualifications for Election as President: A person to be eligible for election as President should fulfill the following qualifications: 1. He should be a citizen of...

Election of the President of India

The President of India is elected not directly by the people but by members of electoral college consisting of: 1. the elected members of both...

Revocation of Indian Citizenship

The Citizenship Act, 1955, prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under the Act or prior to it under the Constitution, viz, renunciation,...

Rights of Citizens of India

The Constitution confers the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India (and denies the same to aliens): 1. Right against discrimination on grounds...

Citizenship in India

The Constitution deals with the citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II. No person shall be a citizen of India or be deemed...

Presidential Form of Government

A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that...

Parliamentary System of Government

Modern democratic governments are classified into parliamentary and presidential on the basis of nature of relations between the executive and the legislative organs of...

Can Jammu and Kashmir House Be Dissolved?

As the political deadlock in Jammu and Kashmir continued over government formation, the legal fraternity is divided as to whether the state assembly has...

Fundamental Duties

Part: 4A - FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES Article 51A - Fundamental duties It shall be the duty of every citizen of India-- (a) to abide by the Constitution and...

Directive Principles

Part: 4 of the Constitution - Directive Principles Of State Policy Article 36 - Definition: In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, "the State"...

Right to Constitutional Remedies

Article 32 - Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part (1) The right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings...

Cultural and Educational Rights

Article 29 - Protection of interests of minorities (1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part...

Right to Freedom of Religion

Article 25 - Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion (1) Subject to public order, morality and health and...

Right Against Exploitation

Article 23 - Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour (1) Traffic in human beings and beggar and other similar forms of...

Protection Against Arrest and Detention

Article 22 - Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (1) No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed,...

Right to Education

Article 21A - Right to education The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years...

Protection of Life and Liberty

Article 21 - Protection of life and personal liberty No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established...

Protection in Respect of Conviction for Offences

Article 20 - Protection in respect of conviction for offences. (1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a...

Right to Freedom

Article 19 - Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc. (1) All citizens shall have the right- (a) to freedom of speech and expression; (b)...

Abolition of Titles

Article 18 - Abolition of titles (1) No title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State. (2) No citizen of...

Abolition of Untouchability

Article 17 - Abolition of untouchability "Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of...

Equality of Opportunity in Employment

Article 16 - Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to...

Prohibition of Discrimination

It is a Fundamental Right. Article 15 - Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. (1) The State shall...

Right to Equality

EQUALITY BEFORE LAW AND EQUAL PROTECTION OF LAWS : ARTICLE 14 This is Fundamental Right. Article 14 says that the State shall not deny to any...

Fundamental Rights – I

    Right to equality (Articles 14–18) (a) Equality before law and equal protection of laws (Article 14). (b) Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex...

Citizenship of India

ARTICLES RELATED TO CITIZENSHIP ARTICLE 5 Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution ARTICLE 6 Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India...

Union and States

Article 1 describes India, that is, Bharat as a ‘Union of States’. According to Article 1, the territory of India can be classified into three...

Preamble of Constitution

“We, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its...

Features of Indian Constitution

The main features of the Indian Constitution are as follows: Federal System with Unitary Bias: The Constitution of India establishes a federal system of government....

Constitution At Glance

PART SUBJECT ARTICLES I THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY 1 - 4 II CITIZENSHIP 5 - 11 III FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS 12 - 35 IV DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY 36 - 51 IV-A FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES 51 A V THE UNION 52 - 151 VI THE STATES 152...

Sources of Indian Constitution

The features of the Indian constitution & their sources are as follows: SOURCE FEATURES U.K. (England) Rule of Law Parliamentary System Bicameral Parliament Lower House More Powerful Powers of Speaker in...

Constituent Assembly of India

Idea of Constituent Assembly for making the constitution was first mooted by M. N. Roy in 1934. First time Indian National Congress officially demanded the...

Indian Independence Act 1947

The Indian Independence Act 1947 was as an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new...

Government of India Act 1935

The Government of India Act 1935 was originally passed in August 1935 and was the longest British Act of Parliament ever enacted by that...

Government of India Act 1919

In line with the government policy contained in Montagu’s statement (August 1917), the Government announced further Constitutional Reforms in July 1918, known as Montagu-...

Morley Minto Reforms 1909

In 1906, Morley announced in the British parliament that his government wanted to introduce new reforms for India, in which the locals were to...

Indian Council’s Act 1892

The Indian Councils Act 1892 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that authorized an increase in the size of the...

Indian Council’s Act 1861

The Indian Councils Act 1861 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. This act is known to have made notable changes in...

Government of India Act 1858

The Revolt Of 1857 gave a severe jolt to the British administration in India and compelled it to reorganise its structure. This act is...

Charter Act of 1833

The Saint Helena Act 1833 or Government of India Act 1833 or Charter Act of 1833 is an Act of the Parliament of the...

Charter Act of 1813

Napoleon Bonaparte had put in place the Berlin decree of 1806 & Milan Decree of 1807 forbade the import of British goods into European...

Charter Act of 1793

The East India Company Act 1793, or Charter Act of 1793, was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain which renewed the charter...

Pitt’s India Act 1784

Pitt the Younger became the youngest Prime Minister of England in 1783 at the age of 24. Pitt was an outstanding administrator who worked...

The Regulating Act of 1773

The Regulating act of 1773 permitted the Company to retain its former possessions and power in India but the management was brought under control...