Equality of Opportunity in Employment

Article 16 - Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment (1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to...

Veto Power of the President

A bill passed by the Parliament can become an act only if it receives the assent of the President. When such a bill is...

Ordinance Making Power of President

Article 123 of the Constitution empowers the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect...

Right to Freedom of Religion

Article 25 - Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion (1) Subject to public order, morality and health and...

Election of the President of India

The President of India is elected not directly by the people but by members of electoral college consisting of: 1. the elected members of both...

Prohibition of Discrimination

It is a Fundamental Right. Article 15 - Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. (1) The State shall...

Government Reconstitutes Inter State Council

The Government has reconstituted the Inter State Council (ISC) and the Standing Committee of the Inter State Council under Clause 2 of the Inter...

Cultural and Educational Rights

Article 29 - Protection of interests of minorities (1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part...

Conditions of Office of President

Qualifications for Election as President: A person to be eligible for election as President should fulfill the following qualifications: 1. He should be a citizen of...

15th Presidential Election in India

The term of office of President of India, Pranab Mukherjee is ending on 24th July, 2017. As per Article 62 of the Constitution, an election...

Right to Constitutional Remedies

Article 32 - Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part (1) The right to move the Supreme Court by appropriate proceedings...

Powers of President of India

The powers enjoyed and the functions performed by the President are as follows: Executive Powers: The executive powers and functions of the President are: (a) All executive...

Abolition of Untouchability

Article 17 - Abolition of untouchability "Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of...

15th Vice-Presidential Election in India

The term of office of Mohd. Hamid Ansari, Vice-President of India, is up to 10th August 2017. An election to fill the vacancy to...

Directive Principles

Part: 4 of the Constitution - Directive Principles Of State Policy Article 36 - Definition: In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires, "the State"...

Abolition of Titles

Article 18 - Abolition of titles (1) No title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State. (2) No citizen of...

New Attorney General of India

Senior advocate KK Venugopal has been appointed as new Attorney General for India following the decision of Mukul Rohatgi to step down. The Attorney General for...

Fundamental Duties

Part: 4A - FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES Article 51A - Fundamental duties It shall be the duty of every citizen of India-- (a) to abide by the Constitution and...

Right to Freedom

Article 19 - Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc. (1) All citizens shall have the right- (a) to freedom of speech and expression; (b)...

Right to Vote Against Party Lines in Presidential Election

Election Commission of India has clarified that, voting or not voting as per his/her own free will in the coming Presidential Election will not...

Can Jammu and Kashmir House Be Dissolved?

As the political deadlock in Jammu and Kashmir continued over government formation, the legal fraternity is divided as to whether the state assembly has...

Pardoning Power of the President

Article 72 of the Constitution empowers the President to grant pardons to persons who have been tried and convicted of any offence in all...

Protection in Respect of Conviction for Offences

Article 20 - Protection in respect of conviction for offences. (1) No person shall be convicted of any offence except for violation of a...

State of Jammu and Kashmir Joins GST

The State of Jammu and Kashmir has joined the GST regime, making GST truly a “ one nation, one tax” regime. In this regard, the President...

Parliamentary System of Government

Modern democratic governments are classified into parliamentary and presidential on the basis of nature of relations between the executive and the legislative organs of...

Central Consumer Protection Council

Mr. Ram Vilas Paswan, Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution chaired the 31st meeting of the Central Consumer Protection Council (CCPC)...

Vice President of India

The Vice-President occupies the second highest office in the country. He is accorded a rank next to the President in the official warrant of...

Protection of Life and Liberty

Article 21 - Protection of life and personal liberty No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established...

India Gets 13th Vice President

M Venkaiah Naidu has sworn in as the 13th Vice President of India. He has been administered the oath of office and secrecy by...

Presidential Form of Government

A presidential system is a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that...

Union and States

Article 1 describes India, that is, Bharat as a ‘Union of States’. According to Article 1, the territory of India can be classified into three...

Cabinet Committees in India

Cabinet Committees are an organisational device to reduce the enormous workload of the Cabinet. They also facilitate in-depth examination of policy issues and effective...

Right to Education

Article 21A - Right to education The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years...

10 Point Charter for Effective Functioning of Legislatures

Vice-President of India and Chairman, Rajya Sabha Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu suggested a 10 point charter to ensure effective functioning of legislatures in the...

Citizenship in India

The Constitution deals with the citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II. No person shall be a citizen of India or be deemed...

Citizenship of India

ARTICLES RELATED TO CITIZENSHIP ARTICLE 5 Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution ARTICLE 6 Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India...

Parliament of India

Under the Constitution, the Parliament of India consists of three parts viz, the President, the Council of States and the House of the People. In...

Protection Against Arrest and Detention

Article 22 - Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases (1) No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed,...

Rights of Citizens of India

The Constitution confers the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India (and denies the same to aliens): 1. Right against discrimination on grounds...

Fundamental Rights – I

    Right to equality (Articles 14–18) (a) Equality before law and equal protection of laws (Article 14). (b) Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex...

Membership of Parliament

Qualifications: The Constitution lays down the following qualifications for a person to be chosen a member of the Parliament: 1. He must be a citizen of...

Right Against Exploitation

Article 23 - Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour (1) Traffic in human beings and beggar and other similar forms of...

Revocation of Indian Citizenship

The Citizenship Act, 1955, prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under the Act or prior to it under the Constitution, viz, renunciation,...

Right to Equality

EQUALITY BEFORE LAW AND EQUAL PROTECTION OF LAWS : ARTICLE 14 This is Fundamental Right. Article 14 says that the State shall not deny to any...

How the Name of State Can be Changed ?

Recently West Bengal Assembly has passed a resolution to change the name of State. A change in the name of a state however requires approval...