Deep Brain Stimulator To Be Developed

2019 ias preliminary exam test series

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology (SCTIMST), Thiruvananthapuram (an institute of national importance under DST) have agreed to join hands to develop ‘Deep Brain Stimulator’ (DBS).

DBS involves implanting electrodes within certain areas of brain and the regular electrical pulses generated by a pacemaker-like device placed under the skin in upper chest regulates the abnormal impulses of the brain.

DBS is used in typical neurological conditions of Essential tremor, Parkinson’s disease and Dystonia.

The DBS consists of implanted pulse generator, electrodes and extension cables which interface with external Programmer module and wireless battery charger.

These devices are currently being imported, limiting its wider usage due to the high cost. The planned joint development is targeted to provide an affordable alternative.

As per the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between BARC & SCTMIST yesterday, BARC will develop the device as per specifications provided by SCTMIST and SCTMIST will be responsible for clinical trials, testing and qualification.

Electronics Division, Reactor Control Division and Centre for Design & Manufacture of BARC will participate in the development of various subsystems.

The 1st prototypes are planned to be available in 3 years.

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