Education in India

2019 ias preliminary exam test series

The Ministry of Human Resource Development has two Departments i.e.

  1. Department of School Education & Literacy
  2. Department of Higher Education
  • The vision of the Department of School Education & Literacy is to ensure education of equitable quality for all to fully harness the nation’s human potential, and the vision of the Department of Higher Education is to realize India’s human resource potential to its fullest in the education sector with equity and excellence.
  • The Ministry’s endeavour has been to achieve ‘Education for All’ with an inclusive approach.
  • Elementary Education comprising primary and upper primary, forms the foundation of the education pyramid. Hence, to strengthen this foundation, the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 became operative on 1st April, 2010.
  • Further, to enhance enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional levels among children, the major intervention includes National Programme of Mid-Day-Meal (MDM) in Schools.
  • At the same time, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is being implemented to achieve the goals of universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social gaps in enrolment levels and enhancement of learning levels of all children.
  • Special emphasis is also given for promotion of girls’ education. Mahila Samakhya (MS), which has a special focus on the Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBS), is a unique, process-oriented programme which has demonstrated ways of empowering rural poor and marginalized women.
  • A number of schemes for Secondary Education are being implemented viz,
  1. Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
  2. Setting up of Model Schools
  3. Setting up Girls’ Hostels in Secondary and Senior Secondary Schools
  4. National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education (NSIGSE)
  5. Inclusive Education for the Disabled at the Secondary Stage (IEDSS)
  6. National Merit-cum-means Scholarship Scheme (NMMS)
  7. Scheme of ICT in Schools

Current Affairs for IAS Exam