Iceland Ratifies Protocol on Forced Labour Convention

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Iceland has ratified the instrument of the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930, thereby becoming the fifteenth country to ratify this instrument.

Iceland joins the nine other European countries to have ratified the Protocol since it was adopted in June 2014 by an overwhelming majority by the International Labour Conference in 2014.

Through this ratification, which took place on 14 June 2017, Iceland made a formal commitment to apply this international instrument, which gives new impetus to action against all forms of forced labour, including trafficking in persons.

It requires States to adopt effective measures to prevent forced labour and to provide victims with protection and access to effective remedies, including compensation.

The ILO estimates that 21 million people are victims of forced labour around the world, generating approximately US$150 billion a year in illicit profits. Forced labour takes different forms, from forced sexual exploitation to debt bondage or even trafficking in persons and slavery.

Iceland has been engaged in combatting forced labour for a long time. In relation to the fight against the scourge of trafficking in persons, Iceland has developed a strong legislative framework with the adoption, as early as in 2003, of amendments to the Penal Code and the launch of a first campaign against trafficking in women.

In April 2013, the Government adopted its second Action Plan to combat trafficking in human beings for the period 2013-2016, which covers four main areas : prevention and training; assistance and protection of victims; investigation and prosecution of cases; co-ordination, co-operation and evaluation.”

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