Indigenous Sports Disciplines in India

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The Central Government complements/supplements the efforts of the State Governments. Under the revamped Khelo India proposal, there is an exclusive component called “Promotion of Rural, Indigenous and Tribal Games” for promotion and development of traditional sports.

While implementing sports promotional schemes in various sports disciplines across the country, Sports Authority of India (SAI) also promotes Indigenous Games and Martial Arts (IGMA) in 09 disciplines under its National Sports Talent Contest (NSTC) scheme where talented children are selected in the age group of 8-14 years in 10 SAI adopted Centres.

In order to revive such games and promote them among the masses, SAI has adopted the following indigenous games disciplines for their promotion:

a) Kalaripayatu, Kerala
b) Silambam, Tamilnadu
c) Kabaddi, Telengana
d) Archery, Jharkhand
e) Malkhamb, Maharashtra
f) Mukna, Imphal
g) Thangta, Imphal
h) Khomlainai, Assam
i) Gatka, Punjab

The trainees and the schools adopted in the IGMA scheme are provided with the sports kit, accidental insurance including medical, stipend, annual grant to the school for purchase of equipment and for organizing competitions for scouting talent.

The Sports is a State subject and, therefore, it is primarily the responsibility of the State Government to promote and develop Sports in the country.

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