Latest Human Development Index and India’s Rank and Data

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India has ranked 131st (0.624) among the 188 countries in latest Human Development Report 2016.

India’s rank of 131 puts it in the “medium human development” bracket, which also includes nations like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Kenya, Myanmar and Nepal.

India’s HDI rank value in 2015 stood at 0.624, which had increased from 0.580 in 2010.

Its life expectancy at birth stood at 68.3 years in 2015 and the Gross National Income (GNI) per capita $5,663.

On the perception of feeling safe 69% answered “yes”, while on freedom of choice, 72% female responders answered they were “satisfied” as compared to 78% for male.

India’s score for overall life satisfaction was 4.3 on a scale of 1-10.

On perceptions about government, 69% people said they had trust in the national government for the 2014-15 period while 74% said they had confidence in the judicial system.

Report lauded measures like the National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme taken in India to generate employment.

India has made no improvement in its ranking over the previous year, despite the Human Development Report for 2015 noting that foreign direct investment favours countries such as China and India.

India’s Human Development Index (HDI) rank in 2014 was also 131.

The report was launched in Stockholm. Titled as “Human Development for Everyone”, the report was authored by the Director of the Human Development Report Office Selim Jahan.



Life expectancy at birth (years) 68.3
Adult mortality rate, female (per 1,000 people) 145
Adult mortality rate, male (per 1,000 people) 217
Deaths due to malaria (per 100,000 people) 4.1
Deaths due to tuberculosis (per 100,000 people) 17.0
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 37.9
Infants lacking immunization, DTP (% of one-year-olds) 10
Infants lacking immunization, measles (% of one-year-olds) 17
Public health expenditure (% of GDP) 1.4
Stunting (moderate or severe) (% under age 5) 38.7
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 47.7


Expected years of schooling (years) 11.7
Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 72.1
Government expenditure on education (% of GDP) 3.8
Gross enrolment ratio: pre-primary (% of preschool-age children) 10
Gross enrolment ratio, primary (% of primary school-age population) 111
Gross enrolment ratio, secondary (% of secondary school-age population) 69
Gross enrolment ratio, tertiary (% of tertiary school-age population)24
Mean years of schooling (years) 6.3
Population with at least some secondary education (% aged 25 and older) 48.7
Pupil-teacher ratio, primary school (number of pupils per teacher) 32

Income/Composition of Resources

Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP$) 5,663
Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) 19.0
Domestic credit provided by financial sector (% of GDP) 76.8
Domestic food price level index 4.7
Domestic food price level volatility index 8.4
Gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (2011 PPP $) 5,730
Gross domestic product (GDP), total (2011 PPP $ billions) 7,512.5
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 30.8


Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) 0.454
Coefficient of human inequality 26.5
Income inequality, Gini coefficient 35.1
Income inequality, Palma ratio 1.5
Income inequality, quintile ratio 5.3
Inequality in education (%) 39.4
Inequality in income (%) 16.1
Inequality in life expectancy (%) 24.0
Inequality-adjusted income index 0.512
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index 0.565
Inequality-adjusted education index 0.324
Overall loss in HDI due to inequality (%) 27.1


Gender Development Index (GDI) 0.819
Adolescent birth rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 24.5
Estimated gross national income per capita, female (2011 PPP$) 2,184
Estimated gross national income per capita, male (2011 PPP$) 8,897
Expected years of schooling, female (years) 11.9
Expected years of schooling, male (years) 11.3
Gender Inequality Index (GII) 0.530
Human Development Index (HDI), female 0.549
Human Development Index (HDI), male 0.671
Labour force participation rate, female (% ages 15 and older) 26.8
Labour force participation rate, male (% ages 15 and older) 79.1
Legislators, senior officials and managers, female (% of total) 13.8
Life expectancy at birth, female (years) 69.9
Life expectancy at birth, male (years) 66.9
Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births) 174
Mean years of schooling, female (years) 4.8
Mean years of schooling, male (years) 8.2
Population with at least some secondary education, female (% ages 25 and older) 35.3
Population with at least some secondary education, male (% ages 25 and older) 61.4
Share of seats in parliament (% held by women) 12.2
Unemployment rate (total), female to male ratio 1.1
Youth unemployment rate, female to male ratio 1.0


Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 0.282
Population in multidimensional poverty, headcount (%) 55.3
Population in multidimensional poverty, headcount (thousands) 642,391
Population in multidimensional poverty, intensity of deprivation (%) 51.1
Population in severe multidimensional poverty (%) 27.8
Population living below income poverty line, PPP $1.90 a day (%) 21.2
Population near multidimensional poverty (%) 18.2
Working poor at PPP$3.10 a day (% of total employment) 52.9

Work, employment and vulnerability

Employment to population ratio (% ages 15 and older) 51.9
Child labour (% ages 5-14) 12.0
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) 49.7
Employment in services (% of total employment) 28.7
Labour force participation rate (% ages 15 and older) 53.7
Mandatory paid maternity leave (days) 84.0
Old age pension recipients (% of statutory pension age population) 24.1
Total unemployment rate (% of labour force) 3.5
Vulnerable employment (% of total employment) 80.8
Youth not in school or employment (% ages 15-24) 27.2
Youth unemployment rate (% ages 15-24) 9.7

Human Security

Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) 3.2
Birth registration (% under age five) 72
Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people) 662
Prison population (per 100,000 people) 33
Refugees by country of origin (thousands) 9.9
Suicide rate, female (per 100,000 people) 16.4
Suicide rate, male (per 100,000 people) 25.8
Violence against women ever experienced, intimate partner (%) 37.2
Violence against women ever experienced, nonintimate partner (%) 0.3

Trade and Financial Flows

Exports and imports (% of GDP) 48.8
Concentration index (exports) 0.175
External debt stock (% of GNI) 22.7
Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) 2.1
Net official development assistance received (% of GNI) 0.1
Private capital flows (% of GDP) minus-3.0
Remittances, inflows (% of GDP) 3.32

Mobility and Communication

Internet users (% of population) 26.0
International inbound tourists (thousands) 7,679
International student mobility (% of total tertiary enrolment) minus-0.6
Mobile phone subscriptions (per 100 people) 78.8
Net migration rate (per 1,000 people) minus-0.4

Environmental sustainability

Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes) 1.6
Forest area (% of total land area) 23.8
Forest area (total change %, 1990-2015) 10.5
Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources) 33.9
Natural resource depletion (% of GNI) 2.9
Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption) 39.0


Population, total (millions) 1,311.1
Dependency ratio, young age (0-14) (per 100 people ages 15-64) 43.9
Median age (years) 26.6
Dependency ratio, old age (65 and older) (per 100 people ages 15-64) 8.6
Population, ages 15–64 (millions) 860.0
Population, ages 65 and older (millions) 73.6
Population, under age 5 (millions) 123.7
Population, urban (%) 32.7
Sex ratio at birth (male to female births) 1.11

Ranks of Top and Bottom Countries:

1  Norway
2  Australia
2   Switzerland
4  Germany
5  Denmark
5  Singapore
7  Netherlands
8  Ireland
9  Iceland
10  Canada
10  United States


127  Guyana
127  Micronesia
129  Tajikistan
130  Honduras
131  India
132  Bhutan
133  Timor Leste
134  Vanuatu
135  Congo, Republic of the
135  Equatorial Guinea
137  Kiribati
138  Laos
139  Bangladesh
139  Ghana
139  Zambia


173  Gambia
174  Ethiopia
175  Mali
176  Congo
177  Liberia
178  Guinea Bissau
179  Eritrea
179  Sierra Leone
181  Mozambique
181  South Sudan
183  Guinea
184  Burundi
185  Burkina Faso
186  Chad
187  Niger
188  Central African Republic

About HDI:

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income per capita indicators. A country scores higher HDI when the life expectancy at birth is longer, the education period is longer, and the income per capita is higher.

It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country.

The index was developed in 1990 by Indian economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq.

The average HDI of regions of the World and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

Countries fall into four broad human development categories: Very High Human Development, High Human Development, Medium Human Development and Low Human Development.

Because of the new methodology adopted since the 2010 Human Development Report, the new reported HDI figures appear lower than the HDI figures in previous reports.

The only year without a Human Development Report since 1990 was 2012. The latest report was launched on 21 March 2017.

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