List of Liabilities of State Governments in India

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The Government is committed to the policy of fiscal rectitude. The fiscal deficit of the Centre as percentage of GDP has declined consistently from 4.5 per cent in 2013-14 to 4.1 per cent, 3.9 per cent and 3.5 per cent respectively in 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17 (provisional actual) and is further budgeted to come down to 3.2 per cent in 2017-18.

As per the information from the Reserve Bank of India’s “State Finances: A Study of Budgets of 2016-17”, the fiscal deficit of the States as per cent of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was 2.6 per cent in 2014-15, which increased to 2.9 per cent (without the UDAY liabilities) in 2015-16 (Revised estimates) and then declined to 2.7 per cent (without the UDAY liabilities) in 2016-17 (revised estimates, based on information from 25 States).

The fiscal deficit-GSDP ratio is budgeted to decline to 2.6 per cent in 2017-18 (based on information from 25 States).

The total outstanding liabilities of the State Governments as percentage of corresponding GSDP during 2014-15 to 2016-17 (BE) is given in the table below.

Total Outstanding Liabilities – As percentage of GSDP
State 2016-17 (BE) State 2016-17 (BE)  
 Andhra Pradesh 23.0  Maharashtra 17.6  
 Arunachal Pradesh 23.9  Meghalaya 29.1  
 Assam 18.8  Mizoram 48.5  
 Bihar 28.0  Nagaland 34.6  
 Chhattisgarh 15.8  Odisha 17.9  
 Goa 36.2  Punjab 32.6  
 Gujarat 22.5 Rajasthan 30.4  
 Haryana 26.3  Sikkim 25.0  
 Himachal Pradesh 34.4  Tamil Nadu 19.1  
 Jammu and Kashmir 48.8  Telangana 17.2  
 Jharkhand 23.7 Tripura 29.0  
 Karnataka 16.9  Uttar Pradesh 35.5  
 Kerala 27.7 Uttarakhand 21.8  
 Madhya Pradesh 23.1  West Bengal 33.8  
 Manipur 38.2

As recommended by the Fourteenth Finance Commission (FFC) for its award period (2015-20), the Union Government approved the fiscal deficit target for States of 3 per cent of respective States’ Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP).

The Union Government also approved year-to-year flexibility for additional fiscal deficit to States for the period 2016-17 to 2019-20 to a maximum of 0.5 per cent over and above the normal limit of 3 per cent in any given year subject to the States maintaining the debt-GSDP ratio within 25 per cent and interest payments-revenue receipts ratio within 10 per cent in the previous year.

However, the flexibility in availing the additional fiscal deficit will be available to a State if there is no revenue deficit in the year in which borrowing limits are to be fixed and in the immediate preceding year.

As per the recommendation of the FFC, the Union Government decided to increase the share of States in the Central divisible pool of taxes from 32 per cent to 42 per cent, thereby allowing States greater autonomy in financing and designing schemes as per their needs. Besides, post-devolution revenue deficit grant has been provided to eleven States where devolution alone could not cover the assessed gap.

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