National Ayush Mission: Details

2019 ias preliminary exam test series

Department of AYUSH, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India has launched National AYUSH Mission (NAM) for im­plementing through States/UTs.

The basic objective of NAM is to promote AYUSH medical systems through cost effective AYUSH services, strengthening of educational systems, facilitate the enforcement of quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani & Homoeopathy (ASUH) drugs and sustainable availability of ASU & H raw-materials.

It envisages flexibility of implementation of the programmes which will lead to substantial participation of the State Governments/UT. The NAM contemplates establishment of a National Mission as well as corresponding Missions in the State level. NAM is likely to improve significantly the Department’s outreach in terms of planning, supervision and monitoring of the schemes.

Vision:

a. To provide cost effective and equitable AYUSH health care throughout the country by improving access to the services.
b. To revitalize and strengthen the AYUSH systems making them as prominent medical streams in addressing the health care of the society.
c. To improve educational institutions capable of imparting quality AYUSH AYUSH education
d. To promote the adoption of Quality standards of AYUSH drugs and making available the sustained supply of AYUSH raw-materials.

Objectives:

a. To provide cost effective AYUSH Services, with a universal access through upgrading AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries, co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs).
b. To strengthen institutional capacity at the state level through upgrading AYUSH educational institutions, State Govt. ASU&H Pharmacies, Drug Testing Laboratories and ASU & H enforcement mechanism.
c. Support cultivation of medicinal plants by adopting Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) so as to provide sustained supply of quality raw-materials and support certification mechanism for quality standards, Good Agricultural/Collection/Storage Practices.
d. Support setting up of clusters through convergence of cultivation, warehousing, value addition and marketing and development of infrastructure for entrepreneurs.

Components of the Mission:

Mandatory Components:-

a. AYUSH Services
b. AYUSH Educational Institutions
c. Quality Control of ASU &H Drugs
d. Medicinal Plants

Flexible Components:-

Out of the total State envelop available, 20% funds will be earmarked for flexible funds which can be spent on any of the items given below with the stipulation that not more than 5% of the envelop is spent on any of the components:

a. AYUSH Wellness Centres including Yoga & Naturopathy
b. Tele-medicine
c. Sports Medicine through AYUSH
d. Innovations in AYUSH including Public Private Partnership
e. Interest subsidy component for Private AYUSH educational Institutions
f. Reimbursement of Testing charges
g. IEC activities
h. Research & Development in areas related to Medicinal Plants
i. Voluntary certification scheme: Project based.
j. Market Promotion, Market intelligence & buy back interventions
k. Crop Insurance for Medicinal Plants

The financial assistance from Government of India shall be supplementary in the form of contractual engagements, infrastructure development, Capacity Building and supply of medicines to be provided from Department of AYUSH. This will ensure better implementation of the programme through effective co-ordination and monitoring.

States shall ensure to make available all the regular manpower posts filled in the existing facilities. The procurement of medicines will be made by the States/UTs as per the existing guidelines of the scheme.

The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Government of India under its Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) is providing financial assistance as subsidy to farmers to encourage cultivation of herbs/medicinal plants throughout the country.

Under NAM scheme, there is a component on ‘Medicinal Plants’ which is primarily aimed at supporting cultivation of herbs/medicinal plants on farmer’s land with backward linkages through establishment of nurseries for supply of quality planting material, and forward linkages for post-harvest management.

Presently, 140 medicinal plants species have been prioritized for supporting cultivation throughout the country for which the subsidy is provided to farmers in following pattern:

(i) 75% subsidy for cultivation of medicinal plants which are highly endangered.

(ii) 50% subsidy for cultivation of medicinal plants where sources of supply are critically declining.

(iii) 30% subsidy for cultivation of other medicinal plants species which need support.

The cultivation programme is implemented through the identified implementing agency of concerned state (generally State Agriculture / Horticulture Departments) and the financial assistance is provided as per the State Annual Action Plan approved for concerned State.

As per scheme guidelines, the financial assistance to North Eastern and hilly State of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir is provided in the ratio of 90:10, where as in other states it is shared in the ratio of 60:40 between Central and State Government.

Current Affairs for IAS Exam