Scientists Decode Groundnut DNA

2019 ias preliminary exam test series

A global team of 51 scientists from four countries have decoded the complete DNA sequencing of the ancestor of the groundnut, or peanut.

This could help develop improved groundnut varieties, with better productivity and oil yield.

It would also help develop drought-tolerant groundnut varieties and varieties with better disease tolerance. The other spin-offs include development of aflatoxin-free, nutrition-rich and allergen-free varieties.

The team comprises scientists from nine institutes in China, India, US and Australia, including the Hyderabad-based International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT).

It decoded DNA sequencing of the ancestor of the groundnut, the diploid A-genome (Arachis duranensis).

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