Skill Development Initiatives Taken by Government

2019 ias preliminary exam test series

Skill Development Ministry MSDE has an enormous skilling challenge at hand and in the year 2016 thrust was on skilling at scale, speed and standards. Some of the key highlights are mentioned below:

1. First-ever Indian Institute of Skills: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the first-of-its-kind “Indian Institute of Skills” in the country in Kanpur on December 19, 2016. Conceptualized by the Prime Minister during his visit to Singapore’s Institute of Technical Education, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, headed by Rajiv Pratap Rudy, in partnership with the Institute of Technical Education, Singapore, decided to open the institute inspired by the Singapore model of training. The Institute would adopt various best practices from the country. The MSDE has decided to have six such institutes across the country.

2. Prime Minister also inaugurated the KaushalPradarshini (Skill Exhibition) for the youth of Uttar Pradesh at the Railway Grounds, Kanpur and launched an array of skill development initiatives, including Pradhan MantriKaushalKendras (PMKKs) and Drivers’ Training Institutes. There was also strategic partnership with various industries that will train and employ approximate 4 Lakh youth over the next 3 years.

The Prime Minister had shown concern about the training of drivers so to achieve his dream, the Ministry has decided to open 100 Driver Training Institutes all across India soon. NSDC has signed a MoU with OLA cabs which needs 1 lakh drivers.

3. IndiaSkills 2016: “Skill India” celebrated its first anniversary on 15thJuly, 2016. To mark the day, the Hon’ble President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the first edition of “IndiaSkills Competition” on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day. IndiaSkills is a national competition steered by Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) to select the best talent who will lead India’s participation at the biennial WorldSkills International Competition. The upcoming WorldSkills International Competition is scheduled at Abu Dhabi in 2017. More than 4500 candidates competed in 80 regional rounds to win their way to the IndiaSkills Competition 2016, which was held at PragatiMaidan on 16th &17th July, 2016. The winners have qualified for the final selection round for participating in WorldSkillsInternational Competition at Abu Dhabi, 2017

4. Pradhan MantriKaushalVikasYojana (PMKVY): Launched on July 15, 2015 by Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, Pradhan MantriKaushalVikasYojana (PMKVY) is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of MSDE. It is also India’s largest skill certification scheme with the objective to enable and mobilize a large number of Indian youth to take up outcome-based skill training and become employable and earn their livelihood. Owing to its successful first year of implementation, the Union Cabinet has approved the scheme for another four years (2016-2020) to impart skill training to 10 million youth of the country with an outlay of Rs 12,000 crores. It is being implemented through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).

5. Pradhan MantriKaushal VikasKendras:
The MSDE is working towards the creation of PradhanMantriKaushal Kendra(s) (PMKKs) under the “Skill India Mission” of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. As of December 9, 2016, allocation for setting up of 432 PMKKs in 415 districts (320 Parliamentary Constituencies) has been done to 34 training providers across 26 States and 1 Union territory. The allocation of the remaining districts of India will be completed by the end of the Financial Year 2016-17
So far, 44 PMKKs have been established across 18 states and another 115 PMKKs are in the process of setting up. The target is to deliver training to a minimum of 1 lakh candidates annually.

A unique brand book has been created and deployed for PMKK, which defines the quality of the centers prepared. Similarly, effort is underway to standardize lab equipment and machinery for labs under PMKVY 2.0. Standard lab guidelines have been designed for 10 labs. In phase 1 of the activity, guidelines will be developed for 20 labs by December 2016.

6. NAPS (National Apprentice Promotion Scheme)
National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) is a new scheme of Government of India to promote apprenticeship training and increase the engagement of apprentices from present 2.3 lakh to 50 lakh cumulatively by 2020. The scheme focuses on sharing of 25% of prescribed stipend subject to a maximum of Rs. 1500/- per month per apprentice to all apprentices with the employers. It was notified on August 19, 2016. Government supports Rs. 7500 for a maximum of 500 hours for basic training.

The target under the scheme is 5 lakh, 10 lakh, 15 lakh and 20 lakh apprentices respectively in 2016-17, 2017-18, 2018-2019 and 2019-20. The engagement of fresher apprentices shall be 20% of total annual target. As on today, one lakh apprentices are undergoing training under NAPS.

States may create a State Apprenticeship Cell and encourage engagement of apprentices to the maximum of 10% of total strength of private establishments and State Public Sectors. They may also encourage them to avail the benefits of NAPS.

INITIATIVES TAKEN

A web portal has been launched on Apprenticeship Training. Accordingly, all the establishments have been requested to register on the portal and declare the apprenticeship vacancies.

Out of 259 designated trades, syllabi for 123 designated trades have been revamped.

17 Awareness campaign/workshops were conducted in the first phase across different industry clusters of the country in coordination with CII and FICCI.

Workshops/Meetings are being held regularly by all State Apprenticeship Advisers and six Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship Training (RDATs) in their respective State/Regions.

Meeting with all Chairman-cum-managing Directors of Central Public Sector Undertakings convened to encourage them to take apprentices under NAPS.

7. Directorate General of Training (DGT), MSDE
Academic equivalence to ITI course: DGT, MSDE and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) under Ministry of Human Resource Development signed an MoU on July 14, 2016 to put in place a system for academic equivalence to ITI qualification and provide options to meet aspirations of those candidates of ITI system who want to attain high academic qualification in addition to their skills. This MoU also opens pathways for ex-trainees of ITI, holding National Trade Certificate (NTC), to earn secondary/senior secondary qualification. Under the MoU following arrangements have been made

Dual System of Training: Training in both classrooms (ITI) and in Industries: A Dual System of Training has been set up to enable industries to partner with (Government & Private) Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) for conducting training programmes under high employability courses to fulfill the needs of industries. The Curricula consists of Trade Theory & foundation practicals which will be completed at the ITI with the remaining portion of the practical training to be conducted in the concerned industry/ organization. This helps in ITI–Industry linkage.

Space-based Distance Learning Programme (SDLP) for MSDE: The vocational training facilities in the country have grown substantially in the last few years. There are around 2200 government & 10800 private ITIs (Industrial Training Institutes), which is the biggest vocational training infrastructure in the country. To address the requirements of capacity building through education and training of ITIs, MSDE now plans to make use of space technology for increasing the reach to thousands of ITIs spread across the country, including remote and difficult areas.

Benefits of proposed Concept

The resource persons at the Advanced Training Institutes (ATIs), will be able to deliver the lectures to a large number of students located at various ITIs including remote locations across the country, where SITs and ROTs installed. The interactions between the lecture originating ATI and SITs are transmitted to all the SITs, thus creating a virtual classroom. This will have a large positive impact on the skill development initiative taken up by the Government of India and significantly contribute towards National development.

Status of the Project
· MOU signed with Development & Educational Communication Unit (DECU), ISRO for technical support.
· Technical Specifications drawn by ISRO.
· Funds for the first phase approved and sanction orders under issue.
· RFP for purchase of equipments is being floated.
· Letters issued to State Training Directors to identify one ITI per district for installation of SITs.

International Collaborations

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has been collaborating with a number of countries in the area of skill development and entrepreneurship. Joint Working Group meetings on active collaborations were held with China, UK, Australia, and Germany. Over the last one year, new MoUs have been signed with UAE and Qatar (on mutual recognition of Qualifications); with France (for skill training in the Power sector); with Switzerland (on sharing of best practices) and with Singapore (with NSDC as the partner on the Indian side), to set up new centres for excellence.

With a view to ensure that Indians are equipped with the skills to be employed not only in India, but also overseas, MSDE has benchmarked standards of 82 job roles with UK standards and of 26 job roles with Indian standards.

In July this year, MSDE signed anMoU with the Ministry of External Affairs, to provide skills training opportunities for overseas employment. Under this MoU, MSDE will establish India International Skill Centres, which will train young Indians in internationally benchmarked standards. Those who are trained in these centres will also be given a pre departure orientation, language training and cultural orientation (supported by MEA) to ensure that youth in India are well prepared to take up employment overseas.
Corporate Engagements

Major agreements were signed with PSUs including CIL, NTPC, RECL, POWERGRID, SAIL, RINL, AAI, NALCO, DPE among others under this initiative.

Major agreements were also signed with private sector including JSW, Uber, JCB, Schneider, Hindustan Zinc Limited, Indo-US Aviation Cooperation Program, etc. with at least 30 leading corporates to be signed in the next couple of months.

Contributions of over Rs 80 Crores have been received from both public and private sector companies to the National Skill Development Fund (NSDF) to support over 60,000 youth through skill development activities.

Special focus has also been accorded to train wives and families of jawans in Central Armed Police Forces (CRPF, CISF, SSB, ITBP, etc.) in their commanding units.

Special focus has been accorded to infrastructure-related projects (like ports, airports, roads, petroleum & natural gas, MSME clusters, etc.) where private sector is mobilised to setup PPP projects in skill development through umbrella MOUs between MSDE and various central ministries.

Direct job linkages with private sector for hiring skilled personnel through outreach activities (like Job Melas) and aggregator platforms (like Uber, LinkedIn, Ola, etc.) are underway.

A single-window online IT system (Skills to Jobs aggregator platform) has been developed with the assistance of World Bank to channelize more CSR contributions through matching fund contributions.

All these steps will help ensure that skills training translates into sustainable livelihoods for India’s youth, making it an aspirational career choice for India’s youth.

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