WWF Released Living Plant Report

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According to latest WWF report, the future of many living organisms is under question as the world may loss 68 percent of its wildlife by 2020.

World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) released its Living Plant Report 2016.

According to report, 58 per cent of the global population of fish, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles has already been lost between 1970 and 2012.

These patterns are directly attributed to human induced climate change.

The report says that about 41 percent, mammals, 46 per cent reptiles, 57 per cent amphibians and 70 per cent freshwater fishese are “threatened with extinction” in India. Four of the 385 species of mammals are already extinct in India.

Seven per cent of birds may also extinct in the world.

Globally between 1970 and 2012, 38 per cent of the terrestrial population, 81 per cent of fresh water population and 36 per cent of the marine population had declined.

As per the report, by 2000, 48.5 per cent of the tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest habitat had been converted for human use. This has led to a 41 per cent overall decline in tropical forest species.

The world’s population has grown from about 1.6 billion people in 1900 to today’s 7.3 billion.

WWF focused on nine such alterations including unsustainable fresh water use and ocean acidification. As per studies, by 2050 there will be more polythene in the ocean than fish.

As per IUCN, the total threatened animal species has increased from 5,205 to 8,462 since 1996. India, Indonesia, Brazil and China are among the countries with the most threatened mammals and birds.

India ranks fifth in terms of bio-capacity — means an ecosystem capable of producing resources like food, fiber and absorbing carbon dioxide.

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